from
Thomas Tusser, 500 Points of Good Husbandry. 1573 edition

"Of herbs and Flowers"


Herbs and Roots for Sallads and Sauce

  1. Alexanders, at all times.
  2. Artichocks.
  3. Blessed Thistle, or Carduus Benedictus.
  4. Cucmbers, in April and Maye.
  5. Cresses, sow with lettuce in the spring.
  6. Endive.
  7. Mustard-seed, sow in the spring and at Michaelmas.
  8. Musk-Myllions, in Aprill and May.
  9. Mintes.
  10. Purslane.
  11. Radish, and after remove them.
  12. Rampions.
  13. Rockat, in Aprill.
  14. Sage.
  15. Sorrell.
  16. Spinage, for the summer.
  17. Sea-holye.
  18. Sperage, let growe two yeares, and then remove.
  19. Skirrets, set these plants in March.
  20. Suckery.
  21. Tarragon.
  22. Violets.
These buy with a penny, or look not for any.
  1. Capers.
  2. Lemons.
  3. Olives.
  4. Oranges.
  5. Rice.
  6. Samphire.

Seeds and Herbs for the Kitchen.

  1. Avens.
  2. Beteny.
  3. Bleete, whit or yellowe.
  4. Bloodwort.
  5. Buglas.
  6. Burnet.
  7. Burrage.
  8. Cabage, remove in June.
  9. Clarye.
  10. Coleworts.
  11. Cresses.
  12. Endives.
  13. Fenel.
  14. French mallowes.
  15. French saffron, set in August.
  16. Lang de Befe.
  17. Leekes, remove in June.
  18. Lettis, remove in May.
  19. Longwort.
  20. Liverwort.
  21. Marygoldes, often cut.
  22. Mercury.
  23. Mintes, at all times.
  24. Nep.
  25. Onions, from December to Marche.
  26. Orach or arach, red and white.
  27. Patience.
  28. Percelye.
  29. Primerose.

  30. Poset.
  31. Rosemary, in the spring time.
  32. Sage, red and white.
  33. Saffron.
  34. Sommer savery.
  35. Sorrell.
  36. Spinnage.
  37. Suckery.
  38. Siethes.
  39. Tansie.
  40. Thyme and Tinne.
  41. Violettes of all sorts.


Strewing Herbs of all sorts:

  1. Bassell [basil], fine and busht, sowe in May.
  2. Bawlme [Lemon Balm?], set in Marche
  3. Camamel [Camomile]
  4. Costemary [Costmary/Bible Leaf]
  5. Cowsleps and paggles.
  6. Daisies of all sorts
  7. Sweet fennell
  8. Germander
  9. Hop, set in Febru arie.
  10. Lavender
  11. Lavender spike
  12. Lavender cotten [santolina]
  13. Marjorom, knotted, sow or set, at the spring.
  14. Mawdelin
  15. Peny ryall [Pennyroyal]
  16. Roses of all sorts, in January and September
  17. Red myntes [peppermint?]
  18. Sage
  19. Tansey
  20. Violets
  21. Winter savery.

Herbs, Branches, and Flowers, for Windows and Pots.

  1. Bae, sowe in January.
  2. Bachelers' buttens.
  3. Botles, blew, red, and tauney.
  4. Collembines.
  5. Campions.
  6. Daffadondillies.
  7. Eglantine, or sweete-bryer.
  8. Fetherfewe.
  9. Flower amour, sowe in May.
  10. Flower de luce.
  11. Flower gentil, white and red.
  12. Flower nyce.
  13. Gelyflowers, red, white and carnations, set in spring, and harvest in potts, pailles, or tubs, or for summer, in bedds.
  14. Holiokes, red, white, and carnations.
  15. Indian eye, sowe in May or set in slips in March.
  16. Lavender of all sorts.
  17. Lark's foot.
  18. Laus tibi.
  19.  Lillium cumbalium.
  20. Lilies, red and wite, sow or set in March and September.
  21. Marigoldes, double.
  22. Nigella Romana.
  23. Pauncies, or hearts-ease.
  24. Pragels, greene and yellowe.
  25. Pinkes of all sortes.
  26. Queene's gilliflowers.
  27. Rosemary.
  28. Roses of all sortes.
  29. Snap-dragons.
  30. Sopps in wine.
  31. Sweete Williams.
  32. Sweete Johns.
  33. Star of Bethelem.
  34. Star of Jerusalem.
  35. Stock gilleflowers of all sorts.
  36. Tuft gelliflowers.
  37. Velvet flowers, or Frenche marigold.
  38. Violets, yellow and white.
  39. Wall gelliflowers of all sorts.

Herbs and Roots, to Boil or to Butter

  1. Beans, set in winter.
  2. Cabbegis, sowe, in March, and after remove.
  3. Carrets.
  4. Cytrons, sowe in May.
  5. Gourdes, in May.
  6. Nauewes, sowe in June.
  7. Pompione, in Maye.
  8. Parseneps, in winter.
  9. Ronciall pease, set in winter.
  10. Rapes, sow in June.
  11. Turneps, in March and April.

Herbs to Still in Summer

  1. Blessed thistel.
  2. Betonye.
  3. Dill.
  4. Endive.
  5. Eyebright.
  6. Fennell.
  7. Fumetorie.
  8. Hop.
  9. Mints.
  10. Plantine.
  11. Roses, red and damaske.
  12. Respies.
  13. Sarefrage.
  14. Strawberries.
  15. Sorrell.
  16. Suckerie.
  17. Woodroffe, for sweete waters and cakes.

Necessary Herbs to Grown in the Garden for Physic, Not Rehearsed Before.

  1. Annis.
  2. Archangell.
  3. Betany.
  4. Charugle.
  5. Cinquefoile.
  6. Cummin.
  7. Dragons.
  8. Detany, or garden gynger.
  9. Gromwell seede, of the stone.
  10. Hartstongue.
  11. Horehounde.
  12. Lovage, for the stone.
  13. Lycoras.
  14. Mandrake.
  15. Mogwort.
  16. Pyonees.
  17. Poppye.
  18. Rue.
  19. Rhubarb.
  20. Smalache, for swellings.
  21. Sarefrage, for the stone.
  22. Savin, for the botts.
  23. Stitchwort.
  24. Valerian.
  25. Woodbine.

Thus ends in brief,
Of herbs the chief.
To get more skill,
Read whom ye will;
Such mo to have,
Of field go crave.